Emil Zatopek

Sept 19, 1922 - Nov 22, 2000

PRAGUE, Czech Republic (AP) - Emil Zatopek, a four-time Olympic track champion who set 18 world records, died Wednesday. He was 78.

Zatopek died in Prague's military hospital where he was being treated after a stroke in late October, the Czech news agency CTK reported. The long-distance runner was the first to run a 10,000-meter race under 29 minutes. Zatopak enjoyed a cult status in his Czech homeland for over five decades. Following a 15-year career, he was ostracized by the communist regime for criticizing the Soviet-led military invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

He won his first Olympic gold at the 1948 London Games, and added three more in Helsinki four years later, where he dominated the 5-kilometer, 10km and marathon races. The 5km race at Helsinki, which Zatopek won with a strong finish, is regarded as one of the most thrilling races ever.

``I wanted to win every time I was on the track,'' Zatopek told his biographers. ``At Helsinki, I was tired after the 10K race, but I still shattered all my rivals.''

Zatopek was born on Sept. 19, 1922, in the town of Koprivnice in the industrial north-east of the country. He ran his first official race - 5,000 meters - in 1943 and immediately became Czechoslovakia's best long-distance runner. After the end of World War II in 1945, Zatopek regularly faced the world's top athletes and, within a year, clocked the world's best times in 5,000 and 10,000 meters, his showcase events.

Zatopek was also known for his unorthodox training methods, which have become popular during the last five decades. Instead of practicing long distances, Zatopek preferred dozens of 400-meter stretches run at full speed so he could improve his explosiveness and stamina.

Nicknamed ``The Engine'' after winning an unprecedented 38 10,000-meter races between 1948-54, Zatopek ended his career in the 1950s but fell out of grace with the communist regime. As an outspoken advocate of the so-called ``Prague Spring,'' a process leading toward democratization of communist Czechoslovakia, Zatopek was dismissed from his senior position in the military shortly after the invasion and sent to a uranium mine where he was forced to work for six years. Despite disappearing from the limelight, Zatopek remained a renowned public figure. In 1975, Zatopek became the first Czech athlete to be awarded the U.N.'s Pierre de Coubertin Prize for promoting fair play.

Zatopek is survived by his wife, Dana Ingrova, a former Olympic javelin champion. Funeral arrangements were not immediately known.

Emil Zatopek 1922-2000 - a symbol of freedom 
Giorgio Reineri

He had celebrated his seventy-eighth birthday just a short while ago, Emil 
Zatopek: to be more precise, on 19 September and, as he lifted his glass to 
toast his wife Dana - herself born on the same day, in the same year - his 
hands trembled making it impossible for him to bring the glass to his lips.

Once again, it was she who encouraged and helped him. For over half a 
century, Dana Zatopkova (née Ingrova) had been by his side. She had been 
there in the centre of the Olympic stadium in Helsinki on that day in the 
summer of 1952, during one of the most spectacular and celebrated races in 
the history of athletics, when her thirty-year-old husband won the 5000m in 
a dramatic sprint finish against the great stars of the day: Alain Mimoun, 
Herbert Schade, Gordon Pirie and Chris Chataway.

She was there, but not by chance: just a few minutes later, Dana Zatopkova 
threw the javelin 50.47 metres to win the Olympic title and for the first 
(and up until today, the last) time ever, a husband and wife became Olympic 
champions on the same day, during the same Games. However, Emil had an 
advantage over Dana in the medal stakes as he had already, a few days 
before, won gold in the 10,000 metres. But to those who asked him whether 
that wasn't a good enough lead, he replied: "Two to one looks like a narrow 
margin to me. To put matters straight and increase my prestige there is 
only one thing to do: I must run and win the marathon".

And so Zatopek ran and won in 2 hours 23:03.2, more than two minutes head 
of the Argentinian Reinaldo Gordo and more than three ahead of the London 
Olympic champion Delfo Cabrera, also of Argentina. Great Britain's Jim 
Peters, who only six weeks before had run the world's best time of 
2:20:42.2 held the lead for much of the race, trying to shake off the Czech 
by running a fast pace. In fact, the only problem for Zatopek, who had 
never run a marathon, was that of finding his rhythm. So it was that he ran 
alongside Peters and around kilometre 20, asked him in English: "The pace? 
It is good enough?". Peters, who was already tiring, tried to bluff him: 
"Pace too slow," he replied.

Zatopek thought over this reply in silence as they ran along for a while. 
Then he turned to Peters again: "You say, too slow. Are you sure tha pace 
is too slow?"

"Yes," returned the exhausted but proud Peters.

Zatopek dropped back a pace or two, lowered his head on his shoulders, 
grimaced and started pounding the asphalt. A few kilometres down the road, 
Peters had dropped back out of sight and running alongside Zatopek was 
Sweden's Gustav Jansson.

As they reached a refreshment station, Zatopek saw Jansson take and eat a 
slice of lemon. If it is good for him, thought the Czech who was unused to 
eating and drinking whilst running, I will take two the next time. But by 
the time the next station was reached, Jansson too had dropped out of sight 
and so Zatopek decided that maybe the lemon was not such a good idea after 

And so he continued to run on alone, finally relaxing his face a little and 
starting to wave back to the crowd who were cheering him on.

The triumphant reception he received as he entered the Olympic stadium is 
one of the most moving moments in the history of sport: not just for the 
tumultuous applause of the spectators, but also because something that 
nobody could have imagined happened. The Jamaican 4x400 relay team of 
Arthur Wint, Leslie Laing, Herbert McKinley and George Rhoden, who had just 
set a world record as they beat the American team, hoisted Zatopek to their 
shoulders and carried him on a lap of honour.

That spontaneous gesture by four exceptional, generous champions was the 
recognition of an exploit without precedent that has never been repeated 

Ultimately, this was the role of Zatopek, and is that of all those who, 
through happenstance, find themselves a step ahead of the rest of humanity: 
to mark the road that must be run, bearing the fatigue and moral 
responsibility thrust upon them.

>From the moral standpoint, Emil Zatopek was exemplary throughout his life. 
As a young soldier he fought for his country's freedom and had his first 
experiences as an athlete in the army.

To make the most of the limited time available, he used to run the 
snow-covered streets at night, wearing army boots designed for the trenches 
and military marches. He used a pocket lamp to light his way, fearless of 
the traps along the way, the snow covered holes. He fell often, scraping 
his hands and knees, but he never stopped, never gave up. The training had 
to be done regardless of the pitfalls that the snow might hide on his way.

Thus it was that in London, in 1948, an Olympic champion in the 10,000 
metres ran under thirty minutes: his time was 29:59.6.

Six years later, on 1 June 1954, in Brussels, a certain Zatopek, who was 
reaching the end of his career was also the first man under 29 minutes in 
the 10,000: 28:54.2, setting on the way a new record for the six miles 

In all, he set 18 world records, won four Olympic gold medals and three 
European titles.

But it is not these statistics that demonstrate the value of Zatopek, but 
rather his ability to innovate. He was the first to make training 
fashionable, because he understood that the resources of the human body and 
willpower are immense. Maybe it was the tough live he lived as an 
adolescent, or the deprivation of the war years, that led him to understand 
that the road to peace, to reach at last true peace, meant riding a very 
rough road, making men and women suffer on their way to the finish line.

Zatopek invented his own form of interval training. He knew that his 
finishing kick was not strong enough to beat his adversaries and doubted 
that running a fast but regular pace would be sufficient to rid him of the 
other competitors, so he practised changing his pace.

He would run up to 20 kilometres in training, but in 400 metre stretches, 
alternating fast and slow runs. It was almost like a game, but one where 
there was no time to stop and enjoy the surrounding nature: Zatopek used to 
do his training on a dirt track, so as to be sure of the distance he was 
running. And more to the point, he used to train in his famous army boots, 
saying that this way to run a race in lighter running shoes would be like 
child's play.

He used to enjoy himself and gave pleasure to millions of fans, who saw in 
him the man capable of defying all the old credos. The sages, from their 
vain heights, forecast every sort of ill befalling him: it was just not 
human to run so much and so fast, they believed that it would bring on a 
heart tumour.

In response, the then thirty-one years old Zatopek prepared for his third 
Olympics, the Olympic Marathon in Melbourne in 1956. He prepared for it 
using weight training, again long before this became common practice. But 
those were hard times in the cold war years and the only weight that 
Zatopek could find was his wife: Dana Zatopkova would climb up on his back 
and off Zatopek would run at great speed, the embodiment of the legend of 
the centaur.

But even centaurs overdo it sometimes: Zatopek suffered a hernia and had to 
stop training for a while, before starting again, against the doctors' 
advice and in Melbourne, despite the pain, he still managed a sixth place.

This was the story of his sporting career, but it is inseparable from that 
of Zatopek the army officer, the defender of a just and free social system.

Zatopek put all of his enormous prestige at the service of this ideal, but 
in the spring of 1968, the Soviet tanks wiped away the hope of the Czechs 
and the Olympic gold of Zatopek.

But on a day when the world of sport, and those who remember the past, 
honour his memory, no-one should forget that Zatopek's race only ended when 
the line of true freedom had finally been crossed.